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Advocates must also work to dismantle barriers to sexual health, including poverty and lack of access to health care. When we control for previous schooling performance with our literacy and numeracy test scores, we control for some of the first effect, leaving the second effect to become more pronounced. Given the fact the coloured households are generally more prosperous than African households and tend to have better access to most social services, it seems unlikely that coloured women have less access to contraception. Although it is not statistically significant, we include it in the regression in order to permit a flexible relationship between age and our outcome variables. This may be partly due to the fact that the literature on school quality and academic achievement in developing countries has developed largely independently of literature on the interconnections of educational outcomes with reproductive and sexual behavior Buchmann and Hannum The result implies that girls living in a household that experienced a negative shock between and are 11 percentage points more likely to become sexually active during that period.
Sexual Harassment is Against the Law
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One of the intriguing results in Table 6 is that the number of grades completed has a significant positive effect on sexual debut for both males and females. As we will see, there are enormous racial differences in performance on the literacy and numeracy test administered in CAPS, differences that may have an important effect on subsequent sexual and reproductive transitions. Figure 1 shows large and interesting racial differences in schooling and sexual activity. In Botswana, Lesotho and South Africa in around 78 percent of primary school teachers were women, compared to 33 percent in Comoros and 34 percent in Mozambique. Topics addressed in sex-ed class can include anatomy, sexually transmitted diseases STDs , and pregnancy.
UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa - Gender - Gender and education
Researcher Douglas Kirby examined studies of prevention programs which had a strong experimental design and used other appropriate analysis criteria. We are also interested in looking at racial and gender differences in these outcomes. The Cape Area Panel Study: We find significant racial differences in the combination of school and sexual activity, however. However, girls who will eventually have a teen pregnancy already had slightly lower grade attainment even before age 14, when none of the girls had been pregnant. Although coloured dropout rates are higher than African dropout rates, coloured grade attainment in is higher than African grade attainment for both males and females. There is a long tradition of research examining the relationships between education, adolescent sexual initiation, and childbearing in developing countries Bledsoe et al.
Using longitudinal data from the Cape Area Panel Study, we have shown that schooling and sexual activity are overlapping spheres for young people in urban South Africa. Department of Education currently has no authority over sexual health education. In many studies pregnancy and sexual debut are assumed to be exogenous, with researchers looking at the impact of teen pregnancy on school attainment. We then use the CAPS data to follow young women before and after their first pregnancy, looking at their trajectories in school enrollment and grade attainment. The next set of variables in Table 6 represent household characteristics that may affect sexual debut.